Overhead Crane Safety

Overhead crane safety is a key point that customers care about, because it is related to the lift-time of crane itself and safety of operator. Ellsen Company, a famous crane manufacture in China, provides types of cranes with complete safety protection devices.

First, overload limiter

Its safety function is that when the lifting weight is over the rated value, the crane stops lifting to avoid overload accident.

Second, buffer

It is kind of safety device that is installed at the end of the metal structure of track-travelling cranes. It has secure functions of absorbing collision energy of travelling mechanism, reducing the impulsion.

Third, anti-wind and anti-slip devices

Rail cranes working outdoor should be equipped with anti-wind and anti-slip devices, because these safety devices can avoid outdoor cranes slide along the rail in windy day. Its safety function is that when the crane encounters the strongest wind not in the working state, the crane can’t be blown away and will not overturn at the end of the rail. Common anti-wind devices have clip-rail, rail anchor device, iron wedge stopper.

Fourth, limit-position limiter

It is also called travelling limiter. When the crane mechanism is working and travelling near the limit-position, the limit-position limiter can automatically cut off the power and stop the mechanism moving. Limit-position limiter has three types: lifting type, dropping type and travelling type.

Fifth, interlocking protection

It can connect the state of interlocking with the movement of working mechanism. When the switch is on, the corresponding restricted mechanism can’t start, only when the switch is off, the interlocking mechanism can work. Interlocking protection can avoid the crane mechanism working in certain conditions and hurting people.

Sixth, zero position protection

It is necessary to set up zero position device, because lifting mechanism, crane travelling mechanism and trolley travelling mechanism are controlled respectively by three operation devices. Its protection function is that if only one mechanism’ controller is not on the zero position, all mechanisms can’t start. Only set all mechanisms’ controllers on zero position, the working mechanism can start.

Seventh, emergency switch

All cranes must be installed with emergency switch to cut off the power quickly in emergency. And it should be set on the place that makes the operator convenient.

How to ensure overhead crane safety

Understanding how you should use cranes as well as how not to use them is critical to safety. Myths surround overload, daily inspections, side pull, and limit switches in the workplace. Read on to learn more about each of these myths and learn the importance of paying attention to overhead crane safety.

1.Overload

Myth: You never have to worry about overloading of the crane since the manufacturer has built in a huge safety margin into the crane’s design.

Reality: This is probably one of the most dangerous myths surrounding overhead crane operation. Even though some cranes have a built-in safety factor, it simply is not true for the entire crane system. In addition, the crane is usually attached to a building without the same safety structures.

Guarantee the safety of your workplace by ensuring that you never overload your cranes. This is the only way you can ensure that no nasty incident ever happens.

2.Side Pull

Myth: So long as the hoist has ample rope, you can pull a small piece of steel out of the adjoining bay with no problems especially if you are picking up a piece well below capacity.

Reality: This is another common mistake associated with overhead crane operation. Cranes and hoists are designed for only lifting objects and loads straight up and lowering them straight down.

Using equipment in the right way is the only way to ensure that you never witness any unwanted incidents. Therefore, only use the crane in the prescribed manner.

3.Upper Limit Switch

Myth: When you require lift, you require all the height you can get, therefore you need to lift until you hit the upper limit switch.

Reality: While this might seem like common sense, it is simply wrong. The upper limit switch is for ensuring that the hook assembly doesn’t collide with the drum. It is thus a safety device rather than an operational one. If you experience failure of the upper limit switch, the drum, and hook block will collide and the wire will most likely fail thereby dropping the load.

Avoid using the upper limit switch in ways it was not intended and you will be safe.

4.Daily Inspections

Myth: The crane was in perfect working order yesterday so it should be in working today too.

Reality: Daily inspection is probably one of the most overlooked rules of crane operation. While OSHA demands it, few companies comply. Inspection does not even require maintenance personnel, just some common sense. The inspection should take the operator about a minute at the start of every work shift.

In conclusion, the four myths discussed in this article represent only a tiny fraction of all the issues involved in crane safety. However, the four comprise the overwhelming majority of all crane breakdowns and accidents. To ensure that your workplace remains safe for all and that your equipment does not fail constantly, it is important for everyone in the workplace to understand these four topics. Chances are that you will not witness any nasty accidents and incidents.

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